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LAX APM ADA Coordinator Files (LINXS)

California Building Code Excerpt

Section 11B-608 Shower Compartments

Code excerpt regarding technical requirements for shower compartments: size and clearances, grab bars, seats, controls, shower spray unit and water, thresholds, enclosures, floor or ground surface, and soap dish.

11B-608 Shower compartments

11B-608.1 General. Shower compartments shall comply with Section 11B-608.

Advisory 11B-608.1 General. Shower stalls that are 60 inches (1525 mm) wide and have no curb may increase the usability of a bathroom because the shower area provides additional maneuvering space.

11B-608.2 Size and clearances for shower compartments. Shower compartments shall have sizes and clearances complying with Section 11B-608.2.

11B-608.2.1 Reserved.

11B-608.2.2 Standard roll-in type shower compartments. Standard roll-in type shower compartments shall be 30 inches (762 mm) wide minimum by 60 inches (1524 mm) deep minimum clear inside dimensions measured at center points of opposing sides with a full opening width on the long side.

11B-608.2.2.1 Clearance. A 36 inch (914 mm) wide minimum by 60 inch (1524 mm) long minimum clearance shall be provided adjacent to the open face of the shower compartment.

Exception: Reserved.

Figure 11B-608.2.2 Standard Roll-In Type Shower Compartment Size and Clearance
Figure 11B-608.2.2 Standard Roll-In Type Shower Compartment Size and Clearance

11B-608.2.3 Alternate roll-in type shower compartments. Alternate roll-in type shower compartments shall be 36 inches (914 mm) wide and 60 inches (1524 mm) deep minimum clear inside dimensions measured at center points of opposing sides. A 36 inch (914 mm) wide minimum entry shall be provided at one end of the long side of the compartment.

Figure 11B-608.2.3 Alternate Roll-In Type Shower Compartment Size and Clearance
Figure 11B-608.2.3 Alternate Roll-In Type Shower Compartment Size and Clearance

11B-608.3 Grab bars. Grab bars shall comply with Section 11B-609 and shall be provided in accordance with Section 11B-608.3. Where multiple grab bars are used, required horizontal grab bars shall be installed at the same height above the finish floor. Where separate grab bars are required on adjacent walls at a common mounting height, an L-shaped or U-shaped grab bar meeting the dimensional requirements of Section 11B-608.3.2 or 11B-608.3.3 shall be permitted.

Exceptions:

  1. Reserved.
  2. In residential dwelling units, grab bars shall not be required to be installed in showers located in bathing facilities provided that reinforcement has been installed in walls and located so as to permit the installation of grab bars complying with Section 11B-608.3.

11B-608.3.1 Reserved.

11B-608.3.2 Standard roll-in type shower compartments. Grab bars shall be provided on the back wall and the side wall opposite the seat. Grab bars shall not be provided above the seat. Grab bars shall be installed 6 inches (152 mm) maximum from adjacent walls.

Figure 11B-608.3.2 Grab Bars for Standard Roll-In Type Shower
Figure 11B-608.3.2 Grab Bars for Standard Roll-In Type Shower

11B-608.3.3 Alternate roll-in type shower compartments. In alternate roll-in type shower compartments, grab bars shall be provided on the back wall and the side wall farthest from the compartment entry. Grab bars shall not be provided above the seat. Grab bars shall be installed 6 inches (152 mm) maximum from adjacent walls.

Figure 11B-608.3.3 Grab Bars for Alternate Roll-In Type Showers
Figure 11B-608.3.3 Grab Bars for Alternate Roll-In Type Showers

11B-608.4 Seats. A folding seat shall be provided in roll-in type showers. Seats shall comply with Section 11B-610.

Exception: In residential dwelling units, seats shall not be required in shower compartments provided that reinforcement has been installed in walls so as to permit the installation of seats complying with Section 11B-608.4.

11B-608.5 Controls. Controls, faucets, and shower spray units shall comply with Section 11B-309.4. Controls and faucets shall be of a single-lever design.

11B-608.5.1 Reserved.

11B-608.5.2 Standard roll-in type shower compartments. In standard roll-in type shower compartments, operable parts of controls and faucets shall be installed on the back wall of the compartment adjacent to the seat wall 19 inches (483 mm) minimum and 27 inches (686 mm) maximum from the seat wall; and shall be located above the grab bar, but no higher than 48 inches (1219 mm) above the shower floor, with their centerline at 39 inches (991 mm) to 41 inches (1041 mm) above the shower floor.

Operable parts of the shower spray unit, including the handle, shall be installed on the back wall adjacent to the seat wall 19 inches (483 mm) minimum and 27 inches (686 mm) maximum from the seat wall; and shall be located above the grab bar, but no higher than 48 inches (1219 mm) above the shower floor.

Figure 11B-608.5.2 Standard Roll-In Type Shower Compartment Control Location
Figure 11B-608.5.2 Standard Roll-In Type Shower Compartment Control Location

11B-608.5.3 Alternate roll-in type shower compartments. In alternate roll-in type shower compartments, operable parts of controls and faucets shall be installed on the side wall of the compartment adjacent to the seat wall 19 inches (483 mm) minimum and 27 inches (686 mm) maximum from the seat wall; and shall be located above the grab bar, but no higher than 48 inches (1219 mm) above the shower floor, with their centerline at 39 inches (991 mm) to 41 inches (1041 mm) above the shower floor.

Operable parts of the shower spray unit, including the handle, shall be installed on the side wall of the compartment adjacent to the seat wall 17 inches (432 mm) minimum and 19 inches (483 mm) maximum from the seat wall or on the back wall opposite the seat 15 inches (381 mm) maximum, left or right, of the centerline of the seat; and shall be located above the grab bar, but no higher than 48 inches (1219 mm) above the shower floor.

Figure 11B-608.5.3 Alternate Roll-In Type Shower Compartment Control Location
Figure 11B-608.5.3 Alternate Roll-In Type Shower Compartment Control Location

11B-608.6 Shower spray unit and water. A shower spray unit with a hose 59 inches (1499 mm) long minimum that can be used both as a fixed-position shower head and as a hand-held shower shall be provided. The shower spray unit shall have an on/off control with a non-positive shut-off. If an adjustable-height shower head on a vertical bar is used, the bar shall be installed so as not to obstruct the use of grab bars. Shower spray units shall deliver water that is 120°F (49°C) maximum.

Exception: Where subject to excessive vandalism, two fixed shower heads shall be permitted instead of a hand-held spray unit in facilities that are not medical care facilities, long-term care facilities, transient lodging guest rooms, or residential dwelling units. Each shower head shall be installed so it can be operated independently of the other and shall have swivel angle adjustments, both vertically and horizontally. One shower head shall be located at a height of 48 inches (1219 mm) maximum above the shower finish floor.

Advisory 11B-608.6 Shower spray unit and water. Ensure that hand-held shower spray units are capable of delivering water pressure substantially equivalent to fixed shower heads.

11B-608.7 Thresholds. Thresholds in roll-in type shower compartments shall be 1/2 inch (12.7 mm) high maximum in accordance with Section 11B-303.

Exception: Reserved.

11B-608.8 Shower enclosures. Enclosures for shower compartments shall not obstruct controls, faucets, and shower spray units or obstruct transfer from wheelchairs onto shower seats.

11B-608.9 Shower floor or ground surface. Floor or ground surfaces of showers shall comply with Section 11B-302.1 and shall be sloped 1:48 maximum in any direction. Where drains are provided, grate openings shall be ΒΌ inch (6.4 mm) maximum and flush with the floor surface.

11B-608.10 Soap dish. Where a soap dish is provided, it shall be located on the control wall at 40 inches (1016 mm) maximum above the shower floor, and within the reach limits from the seat.