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LAX APM ADA Coordinator Files (LINXS)

California Building Code Excerpt

Section 202 Definitions

Code excerpt of selected code definitions.

202 Definitions

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Access aisle. [DSA-AC] An accessible pedestrian space adjacent to or between parking spaces that provides clearances in compliance with this code.

Accessibility. [DSA-AC] Accessibility is the combination of various elements in a building, facility, site, or area, or portion thereof which allows access, circulation and the full use of the building and facilities by persons with disabilities in compliance with this code.

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Accessible. [DSA-AC] A site, building, facility, or portion thereof that is approachable and usable by persons with disabilities in compliance with this code.

Accessible element. [DSA-AC] An element specified by the regulations adopted by the Division of the State Architect-Access Compliance.

Advisory Definition of accessible element. An accessible element can include a room, area, route, feature or device which provides accessibility for persons with disabilities.

Accessible means of egress. A continuous and unobstructed way of egress travel from any accessible point in a building or facility to a public way.

Accessible route. [DSA-AC] A continuous unobstructed path connecting accessible elements and spaces of an accessible site, building or facility that can be negotiated by a person with a disability using a wheelchair, and that is also safe for and usable by persons with other disabilities. Interior accessible routes may include corridors, hallways, floors, ramps, elevators and lifts. Exterior accessible routes may include parking access aisles, curb ramps, crosswalks at vehicular ways, walks, ramps and lifts.

Accessible space. [DSA-AC] A space that complies with the accessibility provisions of this code.

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Addition. An extension or increase in floor area or height of a building or structure. [DSA-AC] An expansion, extension or increase in the gross floor area or height of a building or facility.

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Adjusted construction cost. [DSA-AC] All costs directly related to the construction of a project, including labor, material, equipment, services, utilities, contractor financing, contractor overhead and profit, and construction management costs. The costs shall not be reduced by the value of components, assemblies, building equipment or construction not directly associated with accessibility or usability. The adjusted construction cost shall not include; project management fees and expenses, architectural and engineering fees, testing and inspection fees, and utility connection or service district fees.

Administrative authority. [DSA-AC] A governmental agency that adopts or enforces regulations and guidelines for the design, construction or alteration of buildings and facilities.

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Aisle. An unenclosed exit access component that defines and provides a path of egerss travel. [DSA-AC] A circulation path between objects such as seats, tables, merchandise, equipment, displays, shelves, desks, etc., that provides clearances in compliance with this code.

Aisle accessway. That portion of an exit access that leads to an aisle.

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Alteration. Any constructon or renovation to an existing structure other than repair or addition. [DSA-AC] A change, addition or modification in construction, change in occupancy or use, or structural repair to an existing building or facility. Alterations include, but are not limited to, remodeling, renovation, rehabilitation, reconstruction, historic restoration, resurfacing of circulation paths or vehicular ways, changes or rearrangement of the structural parts or elements, and changes or rearrangement in the plan configuration of walls and full-height partitions. Normal maintenance, reroofing, painting or wallpapering, or changes to mechanical and electrical systems are not alterations unless they affect the usability of the building or facility.

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Approved. Acceptable to the building official. [DSA-AC] “Approved” means meeting the approval of the enforcing agency, except as otherwise provided by law, when used in connection with any system, material, type of construction, fixture or appliance as the result of investigations and tests conducted by the agency, or by reason of accepted principles or tests by national authorities or technical, health or scientific organizations or agencies.

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Approved testing agency. [DSA-AC] Any agency, which is determined by the enforcing agency, except as otherwise provided by law, to have adequate personnel and expertise to carry out the testing of systems, materials, type of construction, fixtures or appliances.

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Area of refuge. An area where persons unable to use stairways can remain temporarily to await instructions or assistance during emergency evacuation.

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Assembly area. [DSA-AC] A building or facility, or portion thereof, used for the purpose of entertainment, educational or civic gatherings, or similar purposes. For the purposes of these requirements, assembly areas include, but are not limited to, classrooms, lecture halls, courtrooms, public meeting rooms, public hearing rooms, legislative chambers, motion picture houses, auditoria, theaters, playhouses, dinner theaters, concert halls, centers for the performing arts, amphitheaters, arenas, stadiums, grandstands or convention centers.

Advisory Definition of assembly area. The application of the accessibility provisions of this code is based upon the use of the space rather than the occupancy classification. For example, an assembly area may or may not be a Group A Occupancy. A large conference room in a Group B Occupancy or a multi-purpose area in a Group E Occupancy may be an assembly area.

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Assistive Listening System (ALS). [DSA-AC] An amplification system utilizing transmitters, receivers and coupling devices to bypass the acoustical space between a sound source and a listener by means of induction loop, radio frequency, infrared or direct-wired equipment.

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Automatic door. A door equipped with a power-operated mechanism and controls that open and close the door automatically upon receipt of a momentary actuating signal. The switch that begins the automatic cycle may be a photoelectric device, floor mat or manual switch.

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Blended transition. [DSA-AC] A raised pedestrian street crossing, depressed corner or similar connection between the pedestrian access route at the level of the sidewalk and the level of the pedestrian street crossing that has a grade of 5 percent or less.

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Building. Any structure used or intended for supporting or sheltering any use or occupancy.

Advisory Definition of building. The accessibility standards generally apply to buildings and facilities. Parking lots, play areas, patios, constructed trails, man-made outdoor areas are often not considered to be buildings. Rather, these elements are generally considered to be facilities. See the definition of facility.

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Building official. The officer or other designated authority charged with the administration and enforcement of this code, or a duly authorized representative.

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Characters. Letters, numbers, punctuation marks and typographic symbols.

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Circulation path. An exterior or interior way of passage from one place to another for pedestrians. [DSA-AC] An exterior or interior way of passage provided for pedestrian travel, including but not limited to, walks, hallways, courtyards, elevators, platform lifts, ramps, stairways and landings.

Advisory Definition of circulation path. A circulation path is a pedestrian route provided within a building, facility or site and may or may not (in the case of stairs) include an accessible route of travel. Whenever the accessible route diverges from the regular circulation path signage may be required to identify the departure from the regular route if not obvious.

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Clear. [DSA-AC] Unobstructed.

Clear floor space. [DSA-AC] The minimum unobstructed floor or ground space required to accommodate a single, stationary wheelchair and occupant.

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Commercial facilities. [DSA-AC] Facilities whose operations will affect commerce and are intended for non-residential use by a private entity. Commercial facilities shall not include (1) facilities that are covered or expressly exempted from coverage under the Fair Housing Act of 1968, as amended (42 U.S.C. 3601 - 3631); (2) aircraft; or (3) railroad locomotives, railroad freight cars, railroad cabooses, commuter or intercity passenger rail cars (including coaches, dining cars, sleeping cars, lounge cars, and food service cars), any other railroad cars described in Section 242 of the Americans With Disabilities Act or covered under Title II of the Americans With Disabilities Act, or railroad rights-of-way. For purposes of this definition, “rail” and “railroad” have the meaning given the term “railroad” in Section 202(e) of the Federal Railroad Safety Act of 1970 (45 U.S.C. 431(e)).

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Common use. Interior or exterior circulation paths, rooms, spaces or elements that are not for public use and are made available for the shared use of two or more people.

Advisory Definition of common use. Employees, tenants or staff and their guests may jointly utilize common use areas where the public is not permitted general access. An example of a common use area would be a laundry room or community room within a homeless shelter. Examples of common use areas within an office building may include a break room, employee lounge, employee exercise facility or employee locker room.

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Cross slope. The slope that is perpendicular to the direction of travel.

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Curb cut. An interruption of a curb at a pedestrian way, which separates surfaces that are substantially at the same elevation.

Curb ramp. A sloping pedestrian way, intended for pedestrian traffic, which provides access between a walk or sidewalk and a surface located above or below an adjacent curb face.

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Designated public transportation. [DSA-AC] Transportation provided by a public entity (other than public school transportation) by bus, rail, or other conveyance (other than transportation by aircraft or intercity or commuter rail transportation) that provides the general public with general or special service, including charter service, on a regular and continuing basis.

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Detectable warning. A standardized surface feature built in or applied to walking surfaces or other elements to warn of hazards on a circulation path.

Advisory Definition of detectable warning. Curbs can be used by pedestrians with vision impairments to detect the boundary between a sidewalk and a vehicular way. Curb ramps remove the needed cues for persons with visual impairments; detectable warnings have been developed as a replacement cue and warning to indicate the presence of a vehicular way.

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Directional sign. [DSA-AC] A publicly displayed notice which indicates by use of words or symbols a recommended direction or route of travel.

Disability. [DSA-AC] Disability is (1) a physical or mental impairment that limits one or more of the major life activities of an individual, (2) a record of such an impairment, or (3) being regarded as having such an impairment.

Advisory Definition of disability. This is the definition of disability used and defined in the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990.

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Drive-up electric vehicle charging station. An electric vehicle charging station in which use is limited to 30 minutes maximum and is provided at a location where the electric vehicle approaches in the forward direction, stops in the vehicle space, charges the vehicle, and proceeds forward to depart the vehicle space. The arrangement of a drive-up electric vehicle charger and its associated vehicle space is similar to a gasoline filling station island.

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Electric vehicle (EV). [DSA-AC] An automotive-type vehicle for on-road use, such as passenger automobiles, buses. trucks vans, neighborhood electric vehicles, electric motorcycles, and the like, primarily powered by an electric motor that draws current from a rechargeable storage battery, fuel cell, photovoltaic array, or other source of electric current. Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV) are considered electric vehicles. For the purpose of this code, off-road, self-propelled electric vehicles, such as industrial trucks, hoists, lifts, transports, golf carts, airline ground support equipment, tractors, boats, and the like, are not included.

Electric vehicle (EV) charger. Off-board charging equipment used to charge an electric vehicle.

Electric vehicle charging space (EV space). A space intended for charging electric vehicles.

Electric vehicle charging station (EVCS). One or more electric vehicle charging spaces served by an electric vehicle charger or other charging equipment. Where a multiport electric vehicle charger can simultaneously charge more than one vehicle, the number of electric vehicle charging stations shall be considered equivalent to the number of electric vehicles that can be simultaneously charged.

Electric vehicle (EV) connector. A device that, when electrically coupled (conductive or inductive) to an electric vehicle inlet, establishes an electrical connection to the electric vehicle for the purpose of power transfer and information exchange. This device is part of the electric vehicle coupler.

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Element. [DSA-AC] An architectural or mechanical component of a building, facility, space or site.

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Employee work area. All or any portion of a space used only by employees and used only for work. Corridors, toilet rooms, kitchenettes and break rooms are not employee work areas.

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Enforcing agency. [DSA-AC] Enforcing Agency is the designated department or agency as specified by statute or regulation.

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Entrance. Any access point to a building or portion of a building or facility used for the purpose of entering. An entrance includes the approach walk, the vertical access leading to the entrance platform, the entrance platform itself, vestibule if provided, the entry door or gate, and the hardware of the entry door or gate.

Equivalent facilitation. The use of designs, products, or technologies as alternatives to those prescribed, resulting in substantially equivalent or greater accessibility and usability.

Note: In determining equivalent facilitation, consideration shall be given to means that provide for the maximum independence of persons with disabilities while presenting the least risk of harm, injury or other hazard to such persons or others.

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Existing building or facility. [DSA-AC] A facility in existence on any given date, without regard to whether the facility may also be considered newly constructed or altered under this code.

Existing structure. A structure erected prior to the date of adoption of the appropriate code, or one for which a legal building permit has been issued. For application of provisions in flood hazard areas, an existing structure is any building or structure for which the start of construction commenced before the effective date of the community’s first flood plain management code, ordinance or standard.

Exit. That portion of a means of egress system between the exit access and the exit discharge or public way. Exit components include exterior exit doors at the level of exit discharge, interior exit stairways, interior exit ramps, exit passageways, exterior exit stairways and exterior exit ramps and horizontal exits.

Exit access. That portion of a means of egress system that leads from any occupied portion of a building or structure to an exit.

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Exit discharge. That portion of a means of egress system between the termination of an exit and a public way.

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Facility. All or any portion of buildings, structures, site improvements, elements and pedestrian or vehicular routes located on a site. [DSA-AC] All or any portion of buildings, structures, site improvements, elements, and pedestrian routes or vehicular ways located on a site.

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Fixed seating. Furniture or fixture designed and installed for the use of sitting and secured in place including bench-type seats and seats with or without backs or arm rests.

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Functional area. [DSA-AC] A room, space or area intended or designated for a group of related activities or processes.

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Grab bar. [DSA-AC] A bar for the purpose of being grasped by the hand for support.

Advisory Definition of grab bar. A grab bar may also provide support for a user transferring from a wheelchair onto a bench, seat or plumbing fixture.

Grade (Adjusted Ground Elevation). [DSA-AC] The lowest point of elevation of the finished surface of the ground, paving or sidewalk within the area between the building and the property line or, when the property line is more than 5 feet (1524 mm) from the building, between the building and a line 5 feet (1524 mm) from the building. See Health and Safety Code Section 19955.3(d).

Grade break. [DSA-AC] The line where two surface planes with different slopes meet.

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Ground floor. The floor of a building with a building entrance on an accessible route. A building may have one or more ground floors.

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Guard [DSA-AC] or guardrail. A building component or a system of building components located at or near the open sides of elevated walking surfaces that minimizes the possibility of a fall from the walking surface to a lower level.

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Handrail. A horizontal or sloping rail intended for grasping by the hand for guidance or support.

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International Symbol of Accessibility. The symbol adopted by Rehabilitation International’s 11th World Congress for the purpose of indicating that buildings and facilities are accessible to persons with disabilities.

Advisory Definition of International Symbol of Accessibility. This is also known as the “ISA.” It is a graphic representation of the profile view of a wheelchair with occupant. See Chapter 11B, Figure 11B-703.7.2.1.

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Kick plate. An abrasion-resistant plate affixed to the bottom portion of a door to prevent a trap condition and protect its surface.

Advisory Definition of kick plate. Although kick plates are not necessarily required by the code, they are often applied to areas of doors required to have a smooth surface and be free of abrupt surface changes. This provides a person in a wheelchair the option of opening a door by pushing with their feet or allows the front foot plates of a wheelchair to glide smoothly along the lower face of the door as a wheelchair user proceeds through a door.

Kitchen or kitchenette. [DSA-AC] A room, space or area with equipment for the preparation and cooking of food.

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Lavatory. A fixed bowl or basin with running water and drainpipe, as in a toilet or bathing facility, for washing or bathing purposes. (As differentiated from the definition of “Sink”.)

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Low-energy power-operated door. Swinging door which opens automatically upon an action by a pedestrian such as pressing a push plate or waving a hand in front of a sensor. The door closes automatically, and operates with decreased forces and decreased speeds (see “Power-assisted door” and “Power-operated door”).

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Mail boxes. [DSA-AC] Receptacles for the receipt of documents, packages, or other deliverable matter. Mail boxes include, but are not limited to, post office boxes and receptacles provided by commercial mail-receiving agencies, apartment facilities or schools.

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Marked crossing. A crosswalk or other identified path intended for pedestrian use in crossing a vehicular way.

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Means of egress. A continuous and unobstructed path of vertical and horizontal egress travel from any occupied portion of a building or structure to a public way. A means of egress consists of three separate and distinct parts: the exit access, the exit and the exit discharge.

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Mezzanine. An intermediate levle or levels between the floor and ceiling of any story and in accordance with Section 505. [DSA-AC] An intermediate level or levels between the floor and ceiling of any story with an aggregate floor area of not more than one-third of the area of the room or space in which the level or levels are located. Mezzanines have sufficient elevation that space for human occupancy can be provided on the floor below.

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Nosing. The leading edge of treads of stairs and of landings at the top of stairway flights.

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Occupiable space. A room or enclosed space designed for human occupancy in which individuals congregate for amusement, educational or similar purposes or in which occupants are engaged at labor, and which is equipped with means of egress and light and ventilation facilities meeting the requirements of this code.

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Open riser. The space between two adjacent stair treads not closed by a riser.

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Operable part. A component of an element used to insert or withdraw objects, or to activate, deactivate, or adjust the element.

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Path of travel. [DSA-AC] An identifiable accessible route within an existing site, building or facility by means of which a particular area may be approached, entered and exited, and which connects a particular area with an exterior approach (including sidewalks, streets, and parking areas), an entrance to the facility, and other parts of the facility. When alterations, structural repairs or additions are made to existing buildings or facilities, the term “path of travel” also includes the toilet and bathing facilities, telephones, drinking fountains and signs serving the area of work.

Advisory Definition of path of travel. The term path of travel applies only to alterations, structural repairs or additions to existing buildings or facilities. Path of travel elements may be subject to upgrade as part of the alteration to an existing building if they do not conform to current accessibility requirements.

Pedestrian. An individual who moves in walking areas with or without the use of walking assistive devices such as crutches, leg braces, wheelchairs, white cane, service animal, etc.

Pedestrian way. A route by which a pedestrian may pass.

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Permanent. [DSA-AC] Facilities which, are intended to be used for periods longer than those designated in this code under the definition of “Temporary.”

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Permit. An official document or certificate issued by the authority having jurisdiction which authorizes performance of a specified activity.

Advisory Definition of permit. In State-funded construction, a letter following plan review which approves the plans and allows the release of funds is equivalent to a “permit.”

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Pictogram. A pictorial symbol that represents activities, facilities, or concepts.

Place of public accommodation. A facility operated by a private entity whose operations affect commerce and fall within at least one of the following categories:

  1. Place of lodging, except for an establishment located within a facility that contains not more than five rooms for rent or hire and that actually is occupied by the proprietor of the establishment as the residence of the proprietor. For purposes of this code, a facility is a “place of lodging” if it is
    1. An inn, hotel, or motel; or
    2. A facility that
      1. Provides guest rooms for sleeping for stays that primarily are short-term in nature (generally 30 days or less) where the occupant does not have the right to return to a specific room or unit after the conclusion of his or her stay; and
      2. Provides guest rooms under conditions and with amenities similar to a hotel, motel, or inn, including the following:
        1. On- or off-site management and reservations service;
        2. Rooms available on a walk-up or call-in basis;
        3. Availability of housekeeping or linen service; and
        4. Acceptance of reservations for a guest room type without guaranteeing a particular unit or room until check-in, and without a prior lease or security deposit.
  2. A restaurant, bar, or other establishment serving food or drink;
  3. A motion picture house, theater, concert hall, stadium, or other place of exhibition or entertainment;
  4. An auditorium, convention center, lecture hall, or other place of public gathering;
  5. A bakery, grocery store, clothing store, hardware store, shopping center, or other sales or rental establishment;
  6. A Laundromat, dry-cleaner, bank, barber shop, beauty shop, travel service, shoe repair service, funeral parlor, gas station, office of an accountant or lawyer, pharmacy, insurance office, professional office of a health care provider, hospital, or other service establishment;
  7. A terminal, depot, or other station used for specified public transportation;
  8. A museum, library, gallery, or other place of public display or collection;
  9. A park, zoo, amusement park, or other place of recreation;
  10. A nursery, elementary, secondary, undergraduate, or postgraduate private school, or other place of education;
  11. A day care center, senior citizen center, homeless shelter, food bank, adoption agency, or other social service center establishment;
  12. A gymnasium, health spa, bowling alley, golf course, or other place of exercise or recreation;
  13. A religious facility;
  14. An office building; and
  15. A public curb or sidewalk.

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Platform. A raised area within a building used for worship, the presentation of music, plays or other entertainment; the head table for special guests; the raised area for lecturers and speakers; boxing and wrestling rings; theater-in-the-round stages; and similar purposes wherein there are no overhead hanging curtains, drops, scenery or stage effects other than lighting and sound. A temporary platform is one installed for not more than 30 days.

Platform (wheelchair) lift. A hoisting and lowering mechanism equipped with a car or platform or support that serves two landings of a building or structure and is designed to carry a passenger or passengers and/or luggage or other material a vertical distance as may be allowed.

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Point-of-sale device. [DSA-AC] A device used for the purchase of a good or service where a personal identification number (PIN), zip code or signature is required.

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Power-assisted door. [DSA-AC] A door used for human passage with a mechanism that helps to open the door, or relieves the opening resistance of a door, upon the activation of a switch or a continued force applied to the door itself.

Power-operated door. Swinging, sliding, or folding door which opens automatically when approached by a pedestrian or opens automatically upon an action by a pedestrian. The door closes automatically and includes provisions such as presence sensors to prevent entrapment. See “Low energy power-operated door” and “Power-assisted door.”

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Private building or facility. [DSA-AC] A place of public accommodation or a commercial building or facility subject to Chapter 1, Section 1.9.1.2.

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Public building or facility. [DSA-AC] A building or facility or portion of a building or facility designed, constructed, or altered by, on behalf of, or for the use of a public entity subject to Chapter 1, Section 1.9.1.1.

Public entity. Any state or local government; any department, agency, special-purpose district, or other instrumentality of a state or local government.

Public entrance. An entrance that is not a service entrance or a restricted entrance.

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Public use. [DSA-AC] Interior or exterior rooms, spaces or elements that are made available to the public. Public use may be provided at a building or facility that is privately or publicly owned. Private interior or exterior rooms, spaces or elements associated with a residential dwelling unit provided by a public housing program or in a public housing facility are not public use areas and shall not be required to be made available to the public. In the context of public housing, public use is the provision of housing programs by, for or on behalf of a public entity.

Public-use areas. Interior or exterior rooms or spaces of a building or facility that are made available to the general public and do not include common use areas. Public use areas may be provided at a building or facility that is privately or publicly owned.

Advisory Definition of public-use areas. Examples of public use areas may include a hotel lobby, movie theater, concert hall, public restroom, sales floor of a retail store, or dining room within a restaurant.

Public way. A street, alley or other parcel of land open to the outside air leading to a street, that has been deeded, dedicated or otherwise permanently appropriated to the public for public use and which has a clear width and height of not less than 10 feet (3048 mm).

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Ramp. A walking surface that has a running slope steeper than one unit vertical in 20 units horizontal (5-percent slope).

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Reasonable portion. [DSA-AC] That segment of a building, facility, area, space or condition, which would normally be necessary if the activity therein is to be accessible by persons with disabilities.

Advisory Definition of reasonable portion. The term is intended to mean that the building or facility provides equitable opportunities, advantages, and ease of use for people with disabilities as is otherwise being made available to the general public. It is not intended to mean reasonable from a cost point of view.

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Repair. The reconstruction or renewal of any part of an existing building for the purpose of its maintenance.

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Restricted entrance. An entrance that is made available for common use on a controlled basis but not public use and that is not a service entrance.

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Riser. The upright part between two adjacent stairs treads.

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Running slope. The slope that is parallel to the direction of travel. (As differentiated from the definition of “Cross Slope”.)

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Service entrance. An entrance intended primarily for delivery of goods or services.

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Sidewalk. A surfaced pedestrian way contiguous to a street used by the public. (As differentiated from the definition of “Walk”.)

Advisory Definition of sidewalk. There is an important distinction between sidewalk and walk and they are treated differently under the CBC. As noted in this definition, a sidewalk is contiguous to a street while a walk is not.

Sign. [DSA-AC] An element composed of displayed textual, verbal, symbolic, tactile, and/or pictorial information.

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Sink. A fixed bowl or basin with running water and drainpipe, as in a kitchen or laundry, for washing dishes, clothing, etc. (As differentiated from the definition of “Lavatory”.)

Site. A parcel of land bounded by a lot line or a designated portion of a public right-of-way.

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Slip resistant. A rough finish that is not abrasive to the bare foot.

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Space. A definable area, such as, a room, toilet room, hall, assembly area, entrance, storage room, alcove, courtyard, or lobby.

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Specified public transportation. [DSA-AC] Transportation by bus, rail, or any other conveyance (other than aircraft) provided by a private entity to the general public, with general or special service (including charter service) on a regular and continuing basis.

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Stair. A change in elevation, consisting of one or more risers.

Stairs. A series of two or more steps.

Stairway. One or more flights of stairs, either exterior or interior, with the necessary landings and platforms connecting them, to form a continuous and uninterrupted passage from one level to another.

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Step. A riser and tread.

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Story. That portion of a building included between the upper surface of a floor and the upper surface of the floor or roof next above (see “Basement,” “Building height,” “Grade plane” and “Mezzanine”). A story is measured as the vertical distance from top to top of two successive tiers of beams or finished floor surfaces and, for the topmost story, from the top of the floor finish to the top of the ceiling joists or, where there is not a ceiling, to the top of the roof rafters. [DSA-AC] That portion of a building or facility designed for human occupancy included between the upper surface of a floor and upper surface of the floor or roof next above. A story containing one or more mezzanines has more than one floor level. If the finished floor level directly above a basement or unused under-floor space is more than six feet (1829 mm) above grade for more than 50 percent of the total perimeter or is more than 12 feet (3658 mm) above grade at any point, the basement or unused under-floor space shall be considered as a story.

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Structure. That which is built or constructed.

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Tactile. An object that can be perceived using the sense of touch.

Tactile sign. [DSA-AC] A sign containing raised characters and/or symbols and accompanying Braille.

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Technically infeasible. [DSA-AC] An alteration of a building or a facility, that has little likelihood of being accomplished because the existing structural conditions require the removal or alteration of a load-bearing member that is an essential part of the structural frame, or because other existing physical or site constraints prohibit modification or addition of elements, spaces or features that are in full and strict compliance with the minimum requirements for new construction and which are necessary to provide accessibility.

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Temporary. [DSA-AC] Buildings and facilities intended for use at one location for not more than one year and seats intended for use at one location for not more than 90 days.

Advisory Definition of temporary. Temporary buildings and facilities must be accessible to the same degree as permanent facilities per CA Gov. Code ยง4451(e).

[some text omitted]

Text telephone. Machinery or equipment that employs interactive text-based communications through the transmission of coded signals across the standard telephone network. Text telephones can include, for example, devices known as TTYs (teletypewriters) or computers.

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Transit boarding platform. [DSA-AC] A horizontal, generally level surface, whether raised above, recessed below or level with a transit rail, from which persons embark/disembark a fixed rail vehicle.

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Tread. The horizontal part of a step.

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TTY. An abbreviation for teletypewriter. Machinery that employs interactive text-based communication through the transmission of coded signals across the telephone network. TTYs may include, for example, devices known as TDDs (telecommunication display devices or telecommunication devices for deaf persons) or computers with special modems. TTYs are also called text telephones.

[some text omitted]

Unreasonable hardship. When the enforcing agency finds that compliance with the building standard would make the specific work of the project affected by the building standard infeasible, based on an overall evaluation of the following factors:

  1. The cost of providing access.
  2. The cost of all construction contemplated.
  3. The impact of proposed improvements on financial feasibility of the project.
  4. The nature of the accessibility which would be gained or lost.
  5. The nature of the use of the facility under construction and its availability to persons with disabilities.

The details of any finding of unreasonable hardship shall be recorded and entered in the files of the enforcing agency.

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Valuation threshold. [DSA-AC] An annually adjusted, dollar-amount figure used in part to determine the extent of required path of travel upgrades. The baseline valuation threshold of $50,000 is based on the January 1981, “ENR US20 Cities” Average Construction Cost Index (CCI) of 3372.02 as published in Engineering News Record, McGraw Hill Publishing Company. The current valuation threshold is determined by multiplying the baseline valuation threshold by a ratio of the current year’s January CCI to the baseline January 1981 CCI.

Advisory Definition of valuation threshold. The valuation threshold is adjusted each year in January using the Engineering News Record 20 Cities Construction Cost Index. Valuation thresholds for the current year and recent years dating back to 2000 are available on the Division of the State Architect web site at: http://www.dgs.ca.gov/dsa/Programs/progAccess/threshold.aspx.

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Variable message signs (VMS). [DSA-AC] Electronic signs that have a message with the capacity to change by means of scrolling, streaming, or paging across a background.

Variable message signs (VMS) characters. [DSA-AC] Characters of an electronic sign are composed of pixels in an array. High resolution VMS characters have vertical pixel counts of 16 rows or greater. Low resolution VMS characters have vertical pixel counts of 7 to 15 rows.

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Vehicular way. A route provided for vehicular traffic, such as in a street, driveway, or parking facility.

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Walk. [DSA-AC] An exterior prepared surface for pedestrian use, including pedestrian areas such as plazas and courts. (As differentiated from the definition of “Sidewalk”.)

Advisory Definition of walk. There is an important distinction between sidewalk and walk and they are treated differently under the CBC. A sidewalk is contiguous to a street while a walk is not.

Walkway, Pedestrian. A walkway used exclusively as a pedestrian trafficway.

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Wet bar. [DSA-AC] An area or space with a counter equipped with a sink and running water but without cooking facilities.

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Wheelchair. A chair mounted on wheels to be propelled by its occupant manually or with the aid of electric power, of a size and configuration conforming to the recognized standard models of the trade.

Wheelchair space. Space for a single wheelchair and its occupant.

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Work area equipment. [DSA-AC] Any machine, instrument, engine, motor, pump, conveyor, or other apparatus used to perform work. As used in this document, this term shall apply only to equipment that is permanently installed or built-in in employee work areas. Work area equipment does not include passenger elevators and other accessible means of vertical transportation.

Workstation.[DSA-AC] An area defined by equipment and/or work surfaces intended for use by employees only, and generally for one or a small number of employees at a time. Examples include ticket booths; the employee side of grocery store check stands; the bartender area behind a bar; the employee side of snack bars, sales counters and public counters; guardhouses; toll booths; kiosk vending stands; lifeguard stations; maintenance equipment closets; counter and equipment areas in restaurant kitchens; file rooms; storage areas; etc.